Simla Agreement Mistakes
The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  What the Simla agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved by the Delhi Agreement signed in 1973 by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. There is a lot of retrospective anxiety about the Simla agreement, particularly in the face of the fierce and tense bilateral relations that have existed between India and Pakistan since the mid-1980s. I think that gave this agreement in India a bad name. But it is true that not all opponents of Indira Gandhi were critical. C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) was “delighted” with the Simla agreement and called it the “Pact of Good Hope”. Rajaji had gone further and called for a second early summit to resolve the unresolved problems. Jayaprakash Narayan made a lengthy statement saying that “any Indian who wishes peace in the subcontinent must give him warm support.” The Simla agreement reads as a communiqué rather than a peace agreement with a country that had waged war on India.
Nothing in the agreement has put Pakistan in a state of good behaviour in the future. It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that required both governments to “take all measures within their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.” “The Simla agreement was a major mistake [on Islamabad`s part] because it tempered the spirit of Kashmir who fought for their freedom and hurt their movement when it never stopped in Kashmir,” Sharif said Thursday at a conference on Kashmir in Lahore. In the hope of saving an agreement, Bhutto called Gandhi directly. During the climate meeting, Gandhi stressed the main advantage of the Indian proposal in Kashmir – neither side was forced to physically abandon the territory or exchange populations. With “obvious feeling and sincerity,” Bhutto acknowledged that India`s proposal was the only possible one, but that a legally binding commitment would significantly weaken its domestic political position and strengthen the military establishment.